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Non-traditional family structures are associated with worse educational outcomes at all ages ...

„Traditional two-parent married family structures are becoming increasingly rare and researchers are finding that non-traditional family structures, such as single-parent or step-parent families, are associated with worse educational outcomes at all ages. Very young children in single-parent households have worse language development than children in traditional two-parent households. Young children in single-parent households are also less likely to attend ECCE. In middle childhood, children who grow up in single-parent households tend to have lower language, reading, and math grades and test scores, as well as lower cognitive ability than their peers who grow up in traditional households. This pattern continues in adolescence, when living in a single-parent household is associated with worse language and math grades and test scores and a greater likelihood of dropping out of secondary education. Young adults from single-parent households are also less likely to enroll in and complete an academic post-secondary degree than young adults from traditional households.“

Dr. Anika Schenck-Fontaine u. a., „Sociodemographic Inequalities in Education over the Life Course: An Interdisciplinary Review“ (2018), S. 10f