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Korean and Japanese 15-year-olds spending less time connected to the Internet compared to students in other countries ...

„Using the Internet intensively — more than 6 hours per day — is also associated with less satisfaction with life, arriving late for school and lower education expectations, according to the OECD report PISA 2015 Results: Students’ Well-Being. Maybe Korean and Japanese parents and students know best, and that is why 15-year-olds reported spending less time connected to the Internet compared to students in other countries, particularly on school days.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 83, April 2018, S. 5

 

Macao und Japan: Systems where advantaged and disadvantaged children are equally likely to attend high quality early years settings ...

Macao und Japan: „The impact of high quality early years provision is well proven, with the greatest impact being for children from disadvantaged backgrounds. Yet, in many systems around the world, children from disadvantaged homes are the least likely to engage in such provision, due to issues of funding and access. By contrast, Macao and Japan – two of the high performing, high equity systems listed above – stand out as systems where advantaged and disadvantaged children are equally likely to attend high quality early years settings.“

Dr. John Jerrim u. a., „Educational disadvantage: how does England compare?“ (2018), S. 25

 

Korea and Japan: Teachers' salaries far higher than the OECD average ...

„In Korea, teachers with more than 15 years of experience outearn their peers in many private sector jobs. In both Japan and Korea, teachers with more than 15 years of experience (and whose performance has been routinely assessed) enjoy salaries that are, respectively, 125 and 140 percent of per capita GDP – far higher than the OECD average of 107 percent.“

World Bank Group (Hrsg.), „Growing Smarter“ (2018), S. 15

 

Höchste Selbstmordrate der G7 Länder ...

„Angst vor Mobbing und schlechten Ergebnissen in Prüfungen führen zu enormem Stress unter Japans Schülern. […] Das Land hat die höchste Selbstmordrate der G7 Länder, jährlich nehmen sich ca. 20.000 Menschen das Leben. Während die Gesamtzahl zwar sinkt, steigt die Selbstmordrate bei jungen Erwachsenen, gerade wenn sie ihren ersten Job beginnen oder die Schule wieder los geht.“

sumikai.com am 3. September 2017

 

Bildungsgebühren in Australien, Japan und Korea ...

„In Australien, Japan und Korea betragen die Bildungsgebühren für einen Bachelor- oder gleichwertigen Bildungsgang in privaten Bildungseinrichtungen mehr als 8.000 US-Dollar gegenüber 4.500 US-Dollar bis 5.300 US-Dollar in öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen. In den Vereinigten Staaten verlangen unabhängige private Bildungseinrichtungen für Bachelor- oder gleichwertige Bildungsgänge mit durchschnittlichen jährlichen Bildungsgebühren von fast 21.200 US-Dollar mehr als das Zweieinhalbfache der durchschnittlichen jährlichen Bildungsgebühren an öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen (rund 8.200 US-Dollar).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 261f

 

Prioritising salaries over class size ...

„Japan and Korea, two top performers in PISA, are good examples of countries prioritising salaries over class size. Both countries pay their teachers relatively well and require fewer teaching hours, so that teachers have more time for activities such as preparing lessons, meeting other teachers and tutoring students who are behind.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 46“ (Dezember 2016), S. 4

 

Frei finanzierte Privatschulen ...

„In Japan, Lebanon, Peru, Qatar, Chinese Taipei and the United Arab Emirates, at least one in four students are enrolled in government-independent private schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 124

 

The high levels of stress are reflected in Japan’s suicide rates ...

Japan: „The high levels of stress are reflected in Japan’s suicide rates, which are among the highest in the world, including among younger generations.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „Happy Schools!” (2016), S. 28

 

Special education in Japan ...

Japan: „Based on specific disabilities, special education is provided in three ways: in special schools, in special classes and resource rooms within normal schools, or within the normal classroom.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 63

 

Numeracy skills of teachers ...

„In Japan and Finland, for example, the average teacher has better numeracy skills than the average college graduate while in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the Slovak Republic and Sweden, the reverse is true.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform“ (2016), S. 12

 

In Croatia, Hong Kong-China, Japan and the Netherlands, over 90 % of students attend selective schools ...

„In Croatia, Hong Kong-China, Japan and the Netherlands, over 90 % of students attend selective schools, i.e. schools where student academic performance and/or recommendations from feeder schools are always considered for admission.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 88

 

Suicide rates among under 30s ...

„Suicide rates among under 30s are highest in Finland, Japan, Korea and New Zealand, with 15 or more suicides per 100 000 youth.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 118

 

Japan: Separate schools for students who cannot learn the same way as children in normal schools ...

Japan: „Separate schools are reserved for students who cannot learn the same way as children in normal schools, including students who are blind, deaf, or otherwise handicapped.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 63

 

Annual tuition fees for bachelor's programme in Japan ...

For students in a bachelor’s programme in Japan, annual average tuition fees were USD 5 152 in public institutions in 2014/15 and USD 8 263 in private institutions in 2013/14.“

OECD (Hrsg.), “Education at a Glance. Country Note Japan” (2015), S. 6

 

In school systems with hierarchical tracks ...

„In school systems with hierarchical tracks, as they are common in some European countries (e.g., Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria), but also in Korea, China, Brazil, Russia, and Japan, tracking does take place at the school level. In these school systems, students are allocated by teachers to different schools with different curricula and different final degrees on the basis of their achievements and interests in primary school.“

Prof. Dr. Florian Klapproth, „Do Algorithms Homogenize Students’ Achievements in Secondary School Better Than Teachers’ Tracking Decisions?“ in „Educatrion Policy Analysis Archives“, 23(62), 2015, S. 3

 

According to Japanese students in PISA 2012, student truancy is low and conduciveness to learning in classrooms is above the OECD average ...

„According to Japanese students in PISA 2012, student truancy is low (8.9%, compared to the OECD average of 35.3%), and conduciveness to learning in classrooms (disciplinary climate) is above the OECD average.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Policy Outlook. Japan“ (2015), S. 10

 

One of the most marked characteristics of Japanese society is the high status attached to education ...

„One of the most marked characteristics of Japanese society is the high status attached to education, which is seen as being the bedrock of a successful career, social advancement and prestige.“

Prof. Dr. Matthias Pilz u. a., „Problematic transitions from school to employment: freeters and NEETs in Japan and Germany“ in „Compare“, 2015, Vol. 45, No. 1, S. 79

 

Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class ...

„Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class and 15% skipped at least an entire day of school without authorisation in the two weeks before the PISA test. […] In most high-performing school systems, such as Hong Kong-China, Japan, Korea and Shanghai-China, virtually no student skips classes or days of school.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 35, Jänner 2014, S. 1f

 

Some 7 % of students in Japan and 9 % of students in Korea attend schools where ...

„Some 7 % of students in Japan and 9 % of students in Korea attend schools where more than 10 % of students skipped a day or a class at least once in the two weeks prior to the PISA test; by contrast, across OECD countries, an average of 73 % of students attend such schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 35, Jänner 2014, S. 3

 

Nachhilfeinstitute Japans notieren an der Börse ...

„21 juku are large enough to be publicly listed on the stock exchange.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 95

37, 54

 

The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third ...

„The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates (top 5 % in Korea, 10 % in Finland and 30 % in Singapore and Japan).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 193

 

Great variation of students’ performance between schools ...

„Like in Germany, there is great variation of students’ performance between schools in Japan, which has even increased over the last decade, but low variation within schools.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 72

 

Students’ academic achievement increased due to out-of-school lessons ...

„In Japan, high school students’ academic achievement is increased due to out-of-school lessons.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 71

 

Out-of-school education determines higher achievement scores ...

Japan: „Out-of-school education determines higher achievement scores in international comparison in a decisive way and therefore provides a reasonable explanation for the Japanese success in PISA.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 71

 

Juku industry in Japan ...

„Today most Japanese students have juku experience. It is commonly perceived that without the juku industry the Japanese formal school system can no longer properly prepare students for their later life course.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 75

 

Juku industry generates about $ 12 billion a year ...

„Compared to the Japanese juku industry that generates about $ 12 billion a year, the institutionalized German Nachhilfe system with its estimated more than 4,000 Nachhilfe schools is in an early stage of development.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 77

 

Performance-enhancing enrichment lessons ...

„Nearly every second Japanese student uses performance-enhancing enrichment lessons.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 95

 

In Mathematik leistungsstarke Zehnjährige ...

„Besonders hoch ist der Anteil leistungsstarker Schüler/innen in Korea (39 %), Japan (30 %) und Nordirland (24 %). In Österreich zählen hingegen nur 2 % zu Kompetenzstufe 4.“

BIFIE, „Nationaler Bildungsbericht Österreich 2012“ (2013), Band 1, S. 132

 

Tracking within schools is common and on the rise in the U.S., the U.K., and Japan ...

„The U.S., the U.K., and Japan essentially keep their entire secondary education system comprehensive – although tracking within schools is common and on the rise in these countries.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christian Dustmann u.a., „The Long-Term Effects of Early Track Choice“ (2013), S. 2

 

Leistungen der 10-Jährigen ...

Leistungen der 10-Jährigen: „The East Asian countries, including Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Chinese Taipei, and Japan excel in mathematics from assessment cycle to assessment cycle, and the Russian Federation and Finland are top performers in reading.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 14

 

924 billion yen (US$ 12 billion) on private tutoring ...

„Households in Japan were reported in 2010 to be spending about 924 billion yen (US$ 12 billion) on private tutoring.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mark Bray u.a., „Shadow Education“ (2012), S. 21

 

In Japan gehen die Schüler in der ersten Sekundarstufe zweimal täglich in die Schule ...

„In Japan gehen die Schüler in der ersten Sekundarstufe zweimal täglich in die Schule: morgens in die Staats- und abends in die Privatschule, damit sie am Ende der ersten Sekundarstufe in die wenigen Gymnasien kommen, die den Zugang zu den renommierten Universitäten ermöglichen, die für die weitere Karriere entscheidend sind.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jürgen Oelkers, Neue Zürcher Zeitung vom 9. März 2011