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Private tutoring is an important feature of the Japanese education system ...

„Private tutoring is an important feature of the Japanese education system. About half of all junior high school students receive out-of-school lessons in so-called 'cram schools' (juku) after class has ended in the afternoon, on weekends and during summer vacations […] Already in the first year of elementary school, about one in six pupils attend juku to avoid falling behind or to cover class material in additional detail. While the fees that juku charge can vary greatly, The Economist magazine estimated the annual costs per student at around JPY 260 000 (EUR 2 100).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Japan“ (2017), S. 111