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Die Gehälter der Lehrkräfte wirken sich unmittelbar auf die Attraktivitat des Lehrerberufs aus ...

„Die Gehälter der Lehrkräfte […] wirken sich unmittelbar auf die Attraktivitat des Lehrerberufs aus. Sie beeinflussen die Entscheidung, eine Lehrerausbildung aufzunehmen, nach erzieltem Abschluss Lehrkraft zu werden, nach einer Unterbrechung in den Lehrerberuf zurückzukehren und/oder den Lehrerberuf weiterhin auszuüben (im Allgemeinen sinkt mit steigendem Gehalt die Neigung zu einem Berufswechsel).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 457

 

Gehälter und alternative Beschäftigungsmöglichkeiten wesentliche Faktoren der Attraktivität des Lehrerberufs ...

„Die Bildungssysteme konkurrieren mit anderen Sektoren der Wirtschaft um hoch qualifizierte Absolventen, die sie als Lehrkräfte gewinnen wollen. Forschungsergebnisse zeigen, dass Gehälter und alternative Beschäftigungsmöglichkeiten wesentliche Faktoren der Attraktivität des Lehrerberufs sind. Die Anfangsgehälter von Lehrkräften im Verhältnis zu denen von Beschäftigten in anderen nicht lehrenden Tätigkeiten und die zu erwartenden Einkommenssteigerungen haben großen Einfluss darauf, ob sich Absolventen für den Lehrerberuf entscheiden.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 463

 

Relative pay levels of teachers are related to average student performance in education systems ...

„Cross-country comparisons using PISA data show that relative pay levels of teachers are related to average student performance in education systems, even after other system-level factors have been accounted for.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 58

 

Das „Geheimnis“ weltweit herausragender Bildungssysteme ...

„Competitive salaries helped make the profession attractive to potential candidates, and high standards were set for entry into and graduation from initial teacher education programs. Together these helped raise the status of teaching, creating a virtuous cycle for ongoing recruitment.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 5f

 

China: Teachers be paid no less than the average of other public servants ...

China: „Recent national legislation requires that teachers be paid no less than the average of other public servants in each province.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 41

 

In OECD countries teachers are paid on average 91 % of the earnings of employees with tertiary education ...

„In OECD countries with available data, teachers are paid on average 91 % of the earnings of employees with tertiary education.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Government at a Glance 2017“ (2017), S. 112

In Österreich sind es 64 %.

 

Teachers’ salaries may strongly influence graduates’ choice to join the teaching profession ...

„The education sector competes with other sectors for the best-qualified employees. Teachers’ salaries may strongly influence graduates’ choice to join the teaching profession, and teachers’ choice to stay in their job. Attractive teachers’ salaries hence help sustain the supply of highly-skilled teachers in the face of an ageing teacher workforce and/or a growing school-age population, and thus ensure that those with the greatest competencies for teaching choose their career path accordingly.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Government at a Glance 2017“ (2017), S. 112

 

Das „Geheimnis“ weltweit herausragender Bildungssysteme ...

„In virtually all of these jurisdictions, positive views of teaching reflected in public surveys and government statements are also reflected in compensation that is competitive with other professions requiring comparable education. In all of the jurisdictions, starting salaries for teachers are above international averages, and all have significant increases within the first 10 years of teaching.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 13

 

Teaching is a highly regarded profession in Finland ...

„Teaching is a highly regarded profession in Finland and one of the top occupational choices of young people. Entering salaries are comparable to those of other professions. However, the greater draw appears to be the high esteem with which the profession is held, the desirable working conditions, and the trust that allows teachers to be creative and innovative in their work.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 35

 

PISA-Topperformer ...

„Teacher compensation in high-performing systems tends to be comparable to that of other well-regarded professions.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 50

 

Top-performing countries tend to prioritise teacher quality above all ...

„Results from previous editions of PISA show that top-performing countries tend to prioritise teacher quality above all. One important measure to attract and retain quality teachers is through salaries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 46“ (Dezember 2016), S. 3

 

Positive relation between higher teachers’ salaries and performance in mathematics ...

„Among countries and economies with a per capita GDP of over USD 20 000, which includes most OECD countries, there is a positive relation between higher teachers’ salaries (relative to national income per capita) and performance in mathematics.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 46“ (Dezember 2016), S. 3f

 

Countries prioritising salaries over class size ...

„Japan and Korea, two top performers in PISA, are good examples of countries prioritising salaries over class size. Both countries pay their teachers relatively well and require fewer teaching hours, so that teachers have more time for activities such as preparing lessons, meeting other teachers and tutoring students who are behind.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 46“ (Dezember 2016), S. 4

 

Making teaching a financially more attractive career ...

„Making teaching a financially more attractive career isn’t the only thing that matters for who teaches. It does matter though, and probably it matters a lot.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dick Startz, http://www.brookings.edu am 20. Juni 2016

 

Österreichweite Lehrerpersonalkosten ...

„Österreichweite Lehrerpersonalkosten je Schüler Schuljahr 2013/2014: Hauptschulen rd. 6.700 EUR, Neue Mittelschulen rd. 7.500 EUR, AHS-Unterstufen rd. 4.800 EUR.“

Rechnungshof (Hrsg.), „Bund 2016/5“ (2016), S. 191

 

Salaries and alternative employment opportunities are important influences on the attractiveness of teaching ...

„Research shows that salaries and alternative employment opportunities are important influences on the attractiveness of teaching. Teachers’ starting salaries relative to other non-teaching occupations and the likely growth in earnings have a huge influence over a graduate’s decision to become a teacher.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 411

 

Gehalt der LehrerInnen der Sekundarstufe I und II ...

„On average, the salaries of teachers with minimum training and 15 years of experience in OECD countries exceed the per capita GDP in their country by 10 % for lower secondary teachers and by 16 % for upper secondary teachers.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 193

Anmerkung: In Österreich aber liegt das Gehalt der LehrerInnen der Sekundarstufe I nicht um 10 % über, sondern um 2 % unter dem BIP/Kopf und das der Sekundarstufe II nicht um 16 %, sondern nur um 6 % über dem BIP/Kopf. (Quelle: OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), Table II.6.54)

 

Adequate levels of teacher remuneration ...

„Adequate levels of teacher remuneration seem essential considering the need to attract high quality individuals to the profession and a pending retirement wave of teachers in the near future.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Reviews of School Resources – Austria“ (2016), S. 78

 

Teaching in Shanghai is a socially well regarded and monetarily appealing profession ...

„Teaching in Shanghai is a socially well regarded and monetarily appealing profession, with a proven set of entry requirements. The working conditions, such as infrastructure facilities and student-to-teacher ratio, are attractive, and clear career advancement mechanisms are in place.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 136

 

Public-sector salaries and private sector ...

„The history of teaching suggests that, if you allow public-sector salaries to get too far out of line with the private sector, you fail to recruit graduates.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. John Howson, The Guardian online am 26. Dezember 2015

 

Higher teachers' salaries ...

„PISA shows that, on average, a higher percentage of students expects to work as teachers in countries where teachers’ salaries are higher.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“ Nr. 58, Dezember 2015, S. 1

 

School systems will only be able to recruit the skilled and motivated people they need if ...

„School systems will only be able to recruit the skilled and motivated people they need to build a highquality teaching force if they can offer similar salaries and working conditions as other professionals enjoy and/or grant teachers greater autonomy and raise the status of the teaching profession.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“ Nr. 58 (Dezember 2015), S. 4

 

Paying teachers well ...

„Recent OECD analyses indicate that paying teachers well is part of the equation to achieve excellence.“

Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.), „Teacher Costs“ (2015), S. 9

 

Relatively low teacher salaries in Austria ...

„OECD comparisons of teacher salaries indicate relatively low teacher salaries in Austria when comparing them with earnings for full-time, full-year tertiary-educated workers.“

Michael Bruneforth, MA, u. a., „Country Background Report for Austria“ (2015), S. 61

 

Salaries and alternative employment opportunities are important influences ...

„Education systems compete with other sectors of the economy to attract high-quality graduates as teachers. Research shows that salaries and alternative employment opportunities are important influences on the attractiveness of teaching.“

OECD (Hrsg.), Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 431

 

Teachers‘ starting salaries relative to other non-teaching occupations ...

„Teachers‘ starting salaries relative to other non-teaching occupations and the likely growth in earnings have a huge influence over a graduate‘s decision to become a teacher.“

OECD (Hrsg.), Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 431

 

Efforts must be made to recruit and retain effective teachers ...

„To ensure a well‑qualified teaching workforce, efforts must be made not only to recruit and select only the most competent and qualified teachers, but also to retain effective teachers.“

OECD (Hrsg.), Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 431

 

Salaries and allowances are key elements in the attractiveness ...

„Salaries and allowances are key elements in the attractiveness of the teaching profession (along with such issues as working conditions, career prospects, professional development opportunities and recognition). They play an important role in drawing people into the teaching profession and in ensuring that serving teachers are satisfied and motivated to continue teaching.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Teachers’ and School Heads' Salaries and Allowances, 2014/15“ (2015), S. 6

 

In high-performing school systems ...

„In high-performing school systems, such as Canada, Finland, Japan, Korea and Singapore, teachers enjoy high status in society and have sufficient levels of pay.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Improving Schools in Sweden: An OECD Perspective“ (2015), S. 114

 

If salaries are sufficiently attractive ...

„If salaries are sufficiently attractive (i.e. competitive with other sought-after and relatively well-remunerated professions), this can help draw the best graduates into the profession.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Improving Schools in Sweden: An OECD Perspective“ (2015), S. 114

 

One of the most powerful success factors ...

„OECD evidence suggests that one of the most powerful success factors in education is attracting quality graduates. While this is not only a question of salary, salaries do matter.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Improving Schools in Sweden: An OECD Perspective“ (2015), S. 115

 

Salaries have a direct impact ...

„Salaries have a direct impact on the attractiveness and prestige of teaching.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „Education for all 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges“ (2015), S. 202

 

Paying teachers well ...

„Paying teachers well is only part of the equation; school systems must also nurture and retain their best teachers by offering better work conditions than is currently the case.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus“ (2014), S. 4

 

High-performing countries tend to prioritise higher salaries ...

„High-performing countries tend to prioritise higher salaries for teachers. […] Higher salaries can help school systems to attract the best candidates to the teaching profession, and they help signal that teachers are regarded and treated as professionals.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Resources, Policies and Practices in Sweden’s Schooling System“ (2014), S. 4

 

Teachers in high-performing school systems...

„Existing research on teacher human capital indicates teachers in high-performing school systems such as in Canada, Finland, and many of the more economically prosperous countries of East and South East Asia, pay such that academically able people are not deterred from entering the profession. They also enjoy high status in society and often must pass competitive examinations to start training or enter the profession.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teacher Remuneration in Latvia. An OECD Perspective“ (2014), S. 35

 

Teachers in Finland, with the exception of pre-primary and primary teachers ...

„Teachers in Finland, with the exception of pre-primary and primary teachers, earn about the same or more as other tertiary-educated workers in the country, with the actual salaries of primary teachers at 89 %, of lower secondary teachers at 97 % and of upper secondary teachers at 109 % of other workers’ average earnings. These figures are above the OECD averages and make teaching a financially attractive profession to young graduates.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teacher Remuneration in Latvia. An OECD Perspective“ (2014), S. 155

 

Korea is one of the countries where teachers earn more ...

„Korea is one of the countries where teachers earn more than other tertiary-educated workers (comparing the statutory wage scale), with the most favourable ratio of all OECD countries in primary education (1.36 at all education levels, far above the OECD averages), which evidences the importance society places on the teaching profession and contributes to its attractiveness.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teacher Remuneration in Latvia. An OECD Perspective“ (2014), S. 167

 

Teachers' salaries in Canada, Luxembourg, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea ...

„In countries including Canada, Luxembourg, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea, teachers are paid more than the average for full-time workers with tertiary education.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „Teaching and learning – Achieving quality for all“ (2014), S. 260

 

Level of teachers’ salaries relative to national income ...

„The only type of resource that PISA shows to be correlated with student performance is the level of teachers’ salaries relative to national income.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 44

 

Höhere Lehrergehälter signalisieren, dass Lehrer als Angehörige wissenschaftlicher Berufe anerkannt und behandelt werden ...

„Höhere Lehrergehälter können dabei helfen, die besten Kandidaten für den Lehrerberuf zu gewinnen, und sie signalisieren, dass Lehrer als Angehörige wissenschaftlicher Berufe anerkannt und behandelt werden.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „DEUTSCHLAND – Ländernotiz – Ergebnisse aus PISA 2012“ (2013), S. 10

 

One important dimension of how an occupation is regarded is pay ...

„One important dimension of how an occupation is regarded, which is inextricably linked to social status, is pay. For many, status in a society depends on how much you are paid in absolute or relative terms.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Peter Dolton u.a., „Global Teacher Status Index 2013“ (2013), S. 7

 

In East Asian cultures, education has historically been considered a highly valued good ...

„In East Asian cultures, education has historically been considered a highly valued good and the main legitimate method for social mobility. This can be seen not only in the East Asian teachers’ high salaries, but also by the heavy investment of families in private tutoring services.“

John Jerrim u.a., „The mathematics skills of school children: How does England compare to the high performing East Asian jurisdictions“ (2013), S. 20

 

Raising average pay has a positive and significant impact ...

„Raising average pay has a positive and significant impact on the aptitude of those entering teacher education courses.“

Andrew Leigh, „Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude“ (2013), S. 3

 

In Austria teachers’ salaries are considerably below the average earnings of workers with a tertiary degree ...

„In the Slovak Republic, Iceland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Austria, teachers’ salaries are considerably below the average earnings of workers with a tertiary degree.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Government at a Glance“ (2013), S. 116

 

New Zealand, Canada, Germany and Finland ...

„In New Zealand, Canada, Germany and Finland, teachers’ statutory salaries are almost equal to the average earnings of tertiary-educated workers. However, in the Slovak Republic, Iceland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Austria, teachers’ salaries are considerably below the average earnings of workers with a tertiary degree.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Government at a Glance 2013“ (2013), S. 116

 

In most OECD countries, teachers’ salaries increase ...

„In most OECD countries, teachers’ salaries increase with the level of education they teach.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators“ (2013), S. 379

 

Erfolgreiche Schulsysteme entlohnen ihre Lehrkräfte in der Regel besser ...

„Die PISA-Ergebnisse zeigen seit langem, dass erfolgreiche Schulsysteme ihre Lehrkräfte in der Regel besser entlohnen.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA im Fokus 16“ (Mai 2012), S. 1

 

Im Allgemeinen gewinnen Länder, die in PISA gut abschneiden, die besten Studierenden für den Lehrerberuf ...

„Im Allgemeinen gewinnen Länder, die in PISA gut abschneiden, die besten Studierenden für den Lehrerberuf, indem sie ihnen ein höheres Gehalt sowie berufliches Ansehen bieten. […] So verdienen beispielsweise Lehrkräfte der Sekundarstufe I in Korea und der Partnervolkswirtschaft Hongkong (China), zwei leistungsstarken Systemen bei der PISA-Lesekompetenzstudie, über das Doppelte des Pro-Kopf-BIP des betreffenden Landes.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA im Fokus 13“ (Februar 2012), S. 3

... und damit mehr als Doppelte der Lehrkräfte Österreichs.

 

Attracting the best students into the teaching profession ...

„The countries that perform well in PISA attract the best students into the teaching profession by offering them higher salaries and greater professional status.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus 13“ (Februar 2012), S. 3

 

Korea: Attracting great people into teaching by paying them excellently ...

„In Korea, a key part of the strategy over decades has been to attract great people into teaching by paying them excellently.“

IPPR (Hrsg.), „Oceans of Innovation“ (2012), S. 44

 

Systems prioritising higher teacher salaries over smaller classes tend to perform better ...

„The findings from PISA suggest that systems prioritising higher teacher salaries over smaller classes tend to perform better.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equity and Quality in Education“ (2012), S. 36

 

USA: Why new teachers leave the profession ...

„Recent work in the U.S. suggests that the increasing salary gap between teaching and other professions, poor working conditions in schools, combined with the disappointments and hardships from teaching are influential in why new teachers leave the profession.“

Dr. Helen Watt u.a., „Motivations for choosing teaching as a career“. In: „Teaching and Teacher Education“ 28 (2012), S. 794

 

The top-performing countries provide competitive compensation ...

„The top-performing countries provide competitive compensation. South Korea emphasizes salary the most, with Singapore being especially strategic in the use of bonuses and retention incentives.“

McKinsey (Hrsg.), „Closing the Talent Gap: Attracting and Retaining Top Third Graduates to a Career in Teaching“ (2010), S. 24