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Teacher merit pay programs encourage sub-optimal behavior ...

„Meta-analyses of teacher merit pay programs across countries typically find no effect; when they find an effect, the size is small. […] Furthermore, merit pay programs might crowd out the type of behavior they are trying to reward by encouraging sub-optimal behavior. One meta-analysis found that 27 % of all merit pay programs that were rigorously evaluated reported sub-optimal effects such as cheating or teachers teaching to the test during program implementation. Furthermore, nearly 55 percent did not last beyond the evaluation period.“
World Bank Group (Hrsg.), Successful Teachers, Successful Students (2019), S. 14.