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Macao: Schools conduct their own entrance examinations ...

„In Macao (China), although there are no national examinations, schools conduct their own entrance examinations at both the lower and upper secondary levels.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 130

 

Zhong kao, Shanghais rigorose Prüfung am Übergang von der Sekundarstufe I zur Sekundarstufe II ...

„At the end of lower secondary school (ninth grade), all students must take the Lower Secondary School Graduation Examination in Shanghai. The subjects tested include Chinese, math, English, physics, and chemistry. Physical education, lab operations, and moral ethics of students also factor into students’ final exam scores. The exam serves the dual purposes of selection into high schools and providing information on the overall performance of the basic education system. The total score on the exam determines the type of high school in which students will enroll: admission into highly selective comprehensive schools requires outstanding performance on the exam. […] Because of its primary purpose as a mechanism for selection into high school, the zhong kao has become increasingly high stakes for children in Shanghai. The test ultimately determines in which type of high school ninth-grade graduates can enroll.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 90f

 

Niederlande: Selection occurs with the advice of the teacher as main determinant ...

Niederlande: „At the end of primary school, around age 12, pupils choose one of three options: pre-vocational secondary education (vmbo, 4 years), senior general secondary education (havo, 5 years) or pre university education (vwo, 6 years). Selection occurs with the advice of the teacher as main determinant, although a national test (CITO-toets) taken by most children also plays a large role.”

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marca Wolfensberger, „Talent Development in European Higher Education“ (2015), S. 44f

 

Finnland: Schools for the gifted and talented ...

Finnland: „The upper secondary level has witnessed an increase in the number of 'special schools', focusing on the education of talented youngsters in arts, sports, science and languages. According to Finnish researchers Kirsi Tirri and Elina Kuusisto, 'these special schools can just as well be called schools for the gifted and talented as it is very difficult to be accepted into them'. Selection is based on the marks of the student, while most places organize their own admission exam as well.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marca Wolfensberger, „Talent Development in European Higher Education“ (2015), S. 159

 

Auf Tests gestützte Übergangsprognostik ...

„Ich würde für einen Übergang nach der vierten Klasse mit einer auch auf Tests gestützten Übergangsprognostik eintreten, deren Trefferquote besser ist als das Lehrerurteil. Sie kann die weitere Bildungskarriere relativ gut voraussagen.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Heinz-Elmar Tenorth, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung online am 31. Juli 2014

 

Vietnam: Process to select the gifted math students and intensively develop their talent according to their own requirements ...

Vietnam: „From the late 1980s, gifted math classes of the universities and then gifted schools around the country have conducted their independent entrance examination process so as to select the gifted math students and intensively develop their talent according to their own requirements.“

Nguyen Van Tuan u. a., „Talent Support in Vietnamese Education“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support II. Best practices within and without the European Union II“ (2012), S. 204f

 

Singapurs Engstelle nach der Matura ...

„Singapore has only a few institutions of higher education […] and, consequently, admission is highly competitive.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri, „Talent Support in Southeast Asia: The Singapore Example“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 149

 

Singapore’s Primary School leaving Examination at the end of Year 6 carries astonishingly high stakes ...

„Singapore’s Primary School leaving Examination at the end of Year 6 is not just one more standardized test. It carries astonishingly high stakes. Pupils’ scores affect the status of the secondary school they or their parents might be able to choose and the stream (or track) that they will be assigned to.”

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andy Hargreaves u. a., „The global fourth way“ (2011), S. 74

 

Finnland: Talent support institutions ...

Finnland: „At secondary level, 37 of the 463 general secondary schools of the country provide special education. These could also be defined as talent support institutions, for it is very difficult to be admitted there. Selection is based on the marks of the student, while most places organise their own admission exam as well.“

Balázs Hornyák, „Pillars of Talent Support in Finland“. In: „Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 56